How to Cite A PDF with Simple Steps

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Many universities are usually very strict with reference to the thesis requirements. In addition to the type of citation and the length of time, there are also different requirements for references in different formats. Some of the documents in the form of electronic documents will be presented in PDF format, so this part of the cited content needs to be included in the reference list.

Citing PDF may be a difficult part of writing a paper. However, after reading this post, it will become a very simple task. Next, we will introduce how to cite PDF files in the three most popular citation styles.

1. How to Cite A PDF in APA

APA is a widely accepted format for writing research papers, especially for research in the social sciences. It regulates the method of writing citations and references to academic literature, as well as the arrangement of tables, charts, footnotes, and appendices.

APA format uses the Harvard article citation format. Typically, this citation contains the author's name and the date of publication, followed by parenthesis (and sometimes pages) after the quoted text or sentence.

APA Format

Citation of PDF e-Book in APA

Basic Format: Author's last name, Author's first initial. (Year of publication). Book title [PDF file]. Available from the web address.

APA e-Book Basic Example

Citation Tips

1. Indicate the author's name and publication date. The author's name should include the author's first and last name or middle name. The publication date only needs to indicate the year and should be enclosed in brackets.

2. Indicate the title of the book. The title should be italicized. Only the first letter of the first word should be capitalized.

3. Indicate the format of the e-Books. Write the PDF file directly after the title, enclosed in square brackets, and then add the period.

4. If there is a print version of the e-Book but you cannot view it or the e-Book can only be read online, please indicate the URL available.

Citation of PDF Article in APA

Basic Format: Author's last name, Author's first initial. (Year of publication). Title of article [PDF file]. Journal title, volume number(issue number), page numbers. Retrieved from the web address.

APA Article Basic Example

Citation Tips

1. Indicate the author and the date of publication. The first letter of the author's first and last name needs to be noted. Enclose the publication year in parentheses.

2. Indicate the title of the article. The title of the article should not be quoted or italicized. Only the first letter of the first word should be capitalized.

3. Indicate that this article is a PDF file. Write the PDF file after the title of the article and enclose it in square brackets, then add the period.

4. Note the names of magazines, publications, volume number, and page range. Each message should be separated by a comma, and the title of the magazine and volume information should be italicized. The issue number should be indicated after the number of volumes and enclosed in brackets. There must be a period after the page range.

5. In the end, indicate the URL where you can get or retrieve this article. If your article contains a "doi" number, please provide it at the end of the citation.

2. How to Cite A PDF in MLA

The MLA is a commonly used citation format for the Modern Language Association of America. The MLA format should be used in writing English papers to ensure the integrity of academic works.

MLA Format

Citation of PDF e-Book in MLA

Basic Format: Author's last name, Author's first name. Book Title. Place of Publication: Publisher, Year of Publication. E-Book Publisher, Year of e-Book publication. File type. Date of access.

MLA e-Book Basic Example

Citation Tips

1. The author's name should be marked in the order of last name and first name, and a period should be added at the end.

2. You need to indicate the name of the book, it should be noted that the title of the book should be italicized with a period in the end.

3. The date of publication, the publisher and the place of publication should be indicated. The place of publication should note the name of the city and country.

4. Mark "PDF file" after the publishing information.

5. Finally, write down the date. Please note that the dates should be in the order of the day, month and year.

Citation of PDF Article in MLA

Basic Format: Author's last name, Author's first name. "Article title."  Journal Title Volume number. Issue number (Date of publication): page numbers. Database name. Web. Date of access.

MLA Article Basic Example

Citation Tips

1. The author's name should be marked in the order of last name and first name, and a period should be added at the end.

2. The name of the article should be enclosed in quotation marks, followed by a period.

3. Indicate the place of publication, the publisher, and the year. The place of publication should indicate the city and country.

4. Next, indicate the title of the publication in italics. The publication may be an online magazine, e-Book, or a website. And then add the number of the journal and the publisher's information.

5. Finally, note that the article comes from PDF and lists the date. Please note that the dates should be in the order of the day, month and year.

3. How to Cite A PDF in Chicago Style

Chicago Style is the most commonly used footer document format in American essay writing. It is mainly used in Footnotes. This citation form is often used in humanities, such as literature, history, and arts. Another format is to use the author and year citation format. This form of citation is often found in social science subjects, such as history, natural and social sciences.

Chicago Format

Citation of PDF e-Book in Chicago Style

Basic Format: Author's last name, Author's first name. Book Title. Place of publication: Publisher, Date of publication. PDF e-book. Web address.

Chicago Style eBook Basic Example

Citation Tips

1. The first name should be marked in the order of last name and first name and then followed by a period.

2. Write the title of the e-Book in italics and add a period.

3. Mark the e-Book after the title as "PDF file" and then add the period.

4. Then write the publication information. The publication information should include the name of the publishing city and publisher.

5. At last, indicate the date, and URL.

Citation of PDF Article in Chicago Style

Basic Format: Author's last name, Author's first name. "Article title." PDF file. Journal title Volume number, Issue number (Date of publication): page numbers. Date accessed.

Chicago Style Article Basic Example

Citation Tips

1. Write the author's full name in the order of surname and first name.

2. Indicate the title of the article. The title must be enclosed in quotation marks and capitalized with the first letter of each word.

3. Remember to note "PDF file" at the end of the title.

4. Indicate the name and publication information of the magazine or publication. Please refer to the picture above for the specific format.

5. Finally, mark the date and URL.

Conclusion

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The above are the three most popular citation styles and specific citation examples. We believe that you can know how to cite a PDF with the methods we provided in this post. If you want to know more citation styles, please feel free to contact us.

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